whole wheat flour

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Also Known as
Gehun ka atta, whole meal flour

The word "whole" refers to the fact that all of the grain (bran, germ, and endosperm) is used and nothing is lost in the process of making the flour. This is in contrast to white, refined flours, which contain only the endosperm. Because the whole flour contains the remains of all of the grain, it has a coarse textured, brownish appearance with a sweet and nutty flavour. Whole-wheat flour is brown in color as it is derived from the complete wheat kernel. The whole wheat flour may be bleached or unbleached. Bleached whole wheat flour is lighter in colour than unbleached whole wheat flour.You can grind the wheat to get coarse textured whole wheat flour or to get fine powdered textured whole wheat flour, as per recipe requirements.

How to Select
Whole Wheat flour is available prepackaged. When purchasing goods made from whole wheat flour it is important to examine the packaging. Look for products that have "100% whole wheat" on the label. Labels such as "stone-ground," "seven-grain," and "multigrain" often do not contain whole wheat flour and are not as nutritious. Don't be misled by darker colored breads either, as some companies simply add caramel coloring or molasses to give a browner color. The best way to make sure a product has whole wheat flour is to examine the ingredient listing. Look for "whole wheat flour" as the first ingredient. Avoid products whose first ingredient is "wheat flour" or "enriched flour," as they generally do not contain whole wheat flour.

Culinary Uses
· The problem with whole-wheat flour is that despite its good-for-you image, it doesn't always do good things for the palate.
· Whole-wheat flour tends to produce baked goods with a heavy, dense texture as well as a bitter taste, especially when used in recipes developed for all-purpose flour.
· Start by replacing only part of the all-purpose flour with whole-wheat. This significantly ups the recipe's whole grain count, but prevents the baked goods from becoming too dense. It also minimizes the astringent flavors that some people dislike about whole wheat.
· Nevertheless, it is possible to make a high-rising, light loaf of 100% whole wheat bread, so long as one increases the water content of the dough (the bran and germ in whole wheat absorb more water than plain white flour), kneads the dough for a longer period of time to develop the gluten adequately, and allows for a longer rise before shaping the dough. Some bakers let the dough rise twice before shaping. The addition of fats, such as butter or oil, and milk products (fresh milk, powdered milk, buttermilk, yogurt, etc.) can also greatly assist the rise.
· Whole Wheat is usually ground into flour, which is used for a variety of dishes - Roti, Bread, Paratha, Sheera, Pasta and Noodles etc.

How to Store
Whole wheat flour is more susceptible to spoilage than other flours because it contains the oils from the bran that can become rancid. If the flour is stored at room temperature, try to use it within a week or two. Otherwise you can store the flour in the fridge or freezer for longer periods of time of up to a year.

Health Benefits
· Wheat-The Whole Truth - The health benefits of wheat depends entirely on the form in which you eat it.
· Women Who Eat Whole Wheat flour Weigh Less than refined wheat
· Whole Wheat flour Substantially Lower Type 2 Diabetes Risk
· Whole Wheat flour is a rich source of magnesium, a mineral that acts as a co-factor for more than 300 enzymes, including enzymes involved in the body's use of glucose and insulin secretion.
· Eating foods high in insoluble fiber, such as cereals and breads made from Whole Wheat flour, can help women avoid gallstones
· Whole Wheat flour Gets You Going as it acts as a laxative.
· Whole Wheat flour Promotes Women's Health and Gastrointestinal Health
· The fiber present in the flour helps to keep the gastrointestinal tract functioning normally and may help prevent more serious problems such as colon cancer, diverticulosis, and hemorrhoids.
· Whole wheat flour may also reduce the risk for diabetes and coronary artery disease.
· It also contains healthy phytochemicals, including antioxidants, which may help ward off cancer.

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